1 Enoch (Ethiopic) Parallel Translations

Charles < < Chapter LXIX / Chapter 68 > > Laurence



1And after this judgement they shall terrify and make them to tremble because they have shown this to those who dwell on the earth. 2And behold the names of those angels {and these are their names: the first of them is Samjz, the second Artqf, and the third Armn, the fourth Kkabl, the fifth Trl, the sixth Rmjl, the seventh Dnjl, the eighth Nql, the ninth Barql, the tenth Azzl, the eleventh Armrs, the twelfth Batarjl, the thirteenth Busasjal, the fourteenth Hannl, the fifteenth Trl, and the sixteenth Smpsl, the seventeenth Jetrl, the eighteenth Tml, the nineteenth Trl, 3the twentieth Rml, the twenty-first Azzl. And these are the chiefs of their angels and their names, and their chief ones over hundreds and over fifties and over tens}.

4The name of the first Jeqn: that is, the one who led astray {all} the sons of God, and brought them 5down to the earth, and led them astray through the daughters of men. And the second was named Asbel: he imparted to the holy sons of God evil counsel, and led them astray so that they defiled 6their bodies with the daughters of men. And the third was named Gdrel: he it is who showed the children of men all the blows of death, and he led astray Eve, and showed {the weapons of death to the sons of men} the shield and the coat of mail, and the sword for battle, and all the weapons 7of death to the children of men. And from his hand they have proceeded against those who dwell 8on the earth from that day and for evermore. And the fourth was named Pnme: he taught the 9children of men the bitter and the sweet, and he taught them all the secrets of their wisdom. And he instructed mankind in writing with ink and paper, and thereby many sinned from eternity to 10eternity and until this day. For men were not created for such a purpose, to give confirmation 11to their good faith with pen and ink. For men were created exactly like the angels, to the intent that they should continue pure and righteous, and death, which destroys everything, could not have taken hold of them, but through this their knowledge they are perishing, and through this power 12it is consuming me. And the fifth was named Ksdej: this is he who showed the children of men all the wicked smitings of spirits and demons, and the smitings of the embryo in the womb, that it may pass away, and {the smitings of the soul} the bites of the serpent, and the smitings 13which befall through the noontide heat, the son of the serpent named Tab'et. And this is the task of Ksbel, the chief of the oath which he showed to the holy ones when he dwelt high 14above in glory, and its name is Bq. This [angel] requested Michael to show him the hidden name, that he might enunciate it in the oath, so that those might quake before that name and oath who 15revealed all that was in secret to the children of men. And this is the power of this oath, for it is powerful and strong, and he placed this oath Ake in the hand of Michael.

16And these are the secrets of this oath {...}
And they are strong through his oath:
And the heaven was suspended before the world was created,
And for ever.

17And through it the earth was founded upon the water,
And from the secret recesses of the mountains come beautiful waters,
From the creation of the world and unto eternity.

18And through that oath the sea was created,
And as its foundation He set for it the sand against the time of [its] anger,
And it dare not pass beyond it from the creation of the world unto eternity.

19And through that oath are the depths made fast,
And abide and stir not from their place from eternity to eternity.
20And through that oath the sun and moon complete their course,
And deviate not from their ordinance from eternity to eternity.

21And through that oath the stars complete their course,
And He calls them by their names,
And they answer Him from eternity to eternity.

22{And in like manner the spirits of the water, and of the winds, and of all zephyrs, and [their] paths 23from all the quarters of the winds. And there are preserved the voices of the thunder and the light of the lightnings: and there are preserved the chambers of the hail and the chambers of the 24hoarfrost, and the chambers of the mist, and the chambers of the rain and the dew. And all these believe and give thanks before the Lord of Spirits, and glorify [Him] with all their power, and their food is in every act of thanksgiving: they thank and glorify and extol the name of the Lord of Spirits for ever and ever.}

25And this oath is mighty over them
And through it {they are preserved and} their paths are preserved,
And their course is not destroyed.

26And there was great joy amongst them,
And they blessed and glorified and extolled
Because the name of that Son of Man had been revealed unto them.

27And he sat on the throne of his glory,
And the sum of judgement was given unto the Son of Man,
And he caused the sinners to pass away and be destroyed from off the face of the earth,
And those who have led the world astray.

28With chains shall they be bound,
And in their assemblage-place of destruction shall they be imprisoned,
And all their works vanish from the face of the earth.
29And from henceforth there shall be nothing corruptible;

For that Son of Man has appeared,
And has seated himself on the throne of his glory,
And all evil shall pass away before his face,
And the word of that Son of Man shall go forth
And be strong before the Lord of Spirits.

This is the third parable of Enoch.



68:1 After this judgment they shall be astonished and irritated; for it shall be exhibited to the inhabitants of the earth.

68:2 Behold the names of those angels. These are their names. The first of them is Samyaza; the second, Arstikapha; the third, Armen; the fourth, Kakabael; the fifth, Turel; the sixth, Rumyel; the seventh, Danyal; the eighth, Kael; the ninth, Barakel; the tenth, Azazel; the eleventh, Armers; the twelfth, Bataryal; the thirteenth, Basasael; the fourteenth, Ananel; the fifteenth, Turyal; the sixteenth, Simapiseel; the seventeenth, Yetarel; the eighteenth, Tumael; the nineteenth, Tarel; the twentieth, Rumel; the twenty-first, Azazyel.

68:3 These are the chiefs of their angels, and the names of the leaders of their hundreds, and the leaders of their fifties, and the leaders of their tens.

68:4 The name of the first is Yekun: (68) he it was who seduced all the sons of the holy angels; and causing them to descend on earth, led astray the offspring of men.

(68) Yekun may simply mean "the rebel" (Knibb, p. 160).

68:5 The name of the second is Kesabel, who pointed out evil counsel to the sons of the holy angels, and induced them to corrupt their bodies by generating mankind.

68:6 The name of the third is Gadrel: he discovered every stroke of death to the children of men.

68:7 He seduced Eve; and discovered to the children of men the instruments of death, the coat of mail, the shield, and the sword for slaughter; every instrument of death to the children of men.

68:8 From his hand were [these things] derived to them who dwell upon earth, from that period for ever.

68:9 The name of the fourth is Penemue: he discovered to the children of men bitterness and sweetness;

68:10 And pointed out to them every secret of their wisdom.

68:11 He taught men to understand writing, and [the use of] ink and paper.

68:12 Therefore numerous have been those who have gone astray from every period of the world, even to this day.

68:13 For men were not born for this, thus with pen and with ink to confirm their faith;

68:14 Since they were not created, except that, like the angels, they might remain righteous and pure.

68:15 Nor would death, which destroys everything, have effected them;

68:16 But by this their knowledge they perish, and by this also [its] power consumes [them].

68:17 The name of the fifth is Kasyade: he discovered to the children of men every wicked stroke of spirits and of demons:

68:18 The stroke of the embryo in the womb, to diminish [it]; (69) the stroke of the spirit [by] the bite of the serpent, and the stroke which is [given] in the mid-day [by] the offspring of the serpent, the name of which is Tabaet. (70)

(69) The stroketo diminish it. Or, "the blows (which attack) the embryo in the womb so that it miscarries" (Knibb, p. 162).
(70) Tabaet. Literally, "male" or "strong" (Knibb, p. 162).

68:19 This is the number of the Kasbel; the principal part of the oath which the Most High, dwelling in glory, revealed to the holy ones.

68:20 Its name is Beka. He spoke to holy Michael to discover to them the sacred name, that they might understand that secret name, and thus remember the oath; and that those who pointed out every secret thing to the children of men might tremble at that name and oath.

68:21 This is the power of that oath; for powerful it is, and strong.

68:22 And he established this oath of Akae by the instrumentality of the holy Michael.

68:23 These are the secrets of this oath, and by it were they confirmed.

68:24 Heaven was suspended [by it] before the world was made, for ever.

68:25 By it has the earth been founded upon the flood; while from the concealed parts of the hills the agitated waters proceed forth from the creation to the end of the world.

68:26 By this oath the sea has been formed, and the foundation of it.

68:27 During the period of [its] fury he established the sand against it, which continues unchanged for ever; and by this oath the abyss has been made strong; nor is it removable from its station for ever and ever.

68:28 By this oath the sun and moon complete their progress, never swerving from the command [given] to them for ever and ever.

68:29 By this oath the stars complete their progress;

68:30 And when their names are called, they return an answer, for ever and ever.

68:31 Thus [in] the heavens [take place] the blowings of the winds: all of them have breathings, (71) and [effect] a complete combination of breathings.

(71) Breathings. Or, "spirits" (Laurence, p. 87).

68:32 There the treasures of thunder are kept, and the splendour of the lightning.

68:33 There are kept the treasures of hail and of frost, the treasures of snow, the treasures of rain and of dew.

68:34 All these confess and laud before the Lord of spirits.

68:35 They glorify with all their power of praise; and he sustains them in all that [act of] thanksgiving; while they laud, glorify, and exalt the name of the Lord of spirits for ever and ever.

68:36 And with them he establishes this oath, by which they and their paths are preserved; nor does their progress perish.

68:37 Great was their joy.

68:38 They blessed, glorified, and exalted, because the name of the Son of man was revealed to them.

68:39 He sat upon the throne of his glory; and the principal part of the judgment was assigned to him, the Son of man. Sinners shall disappear and perish from the face of the earth, while those who seduced them shall be bound with chains for ever.

68:40 According to their ranks of corruption shall they be imprisoned, and all their works shall disappear from the face of the earth; nor thenceforward shall there be any to corrupt; for the Son of man has been seen, sitting on the throne of his glory.

68:41 Everything wicked shall disappear, and depart from before his face; and the word of the Son of man shall become powerful in the presence of the Lord of spirits.

68:42 This is the third parable of Enoch.

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